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The Fakoo Alphabet (cc)

Fakoo Alphabet
Fakoo [phonetic notation fa-koh: fɑ ˈkoː], the alternative dot-writing (9-dot-script or 9-dot-writing) by Alexander Fakoó

Palpable black-type letters for the blind, visually impaired and sighted

Display of all letters and numbers of the black text only by 9 dots - this is not the Braille !


Fakoo Alphabet ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ on a Braille display
[Fakoo text of the alphabet A-Z in Eurobraille: t;yl9k&,%kqa9lrl#.-brkv.qlpl9,q,9;qk#a4avl2b{lok5ayk ]


The characters of the Fakoo Alphabet consist of up to 9 dots in a grid of 3 × 3 dots in height and width. 9 Punkte Including letter spacing, all fakoo characters can thus be defined by two Braille characters (Nine-dot font, 9-dot Braille, 9-dot code, 9-dot writing, Fakoo code, 12-dot font, 12-dot code).

Fakoo digits and punctuation 1234567890.,:;+-=/!?<>()€@ on a Braille display
[Fakoo text of the numbers 1-0 and the punctuation mark in Eurobraille: !ln.y,8,7a{;3b7;gl&l' * $ ` w,:,xk*a3a4b!ko <a5 wkm; ]

The Fakoo Writing (short called Fakoo - written F a k o o and emphasized on the last syllable) is to serve as a link between the ->> 6-dot Braille and the black text - so that blind, visually impaired and sighted can communicate better with each other. Especially in the public sector, many new applications are due to the greater acceptance of sighted. Moreover, Fakoo would be an alternative to Braille for those who can not cope with Braille.
Like our black text and Braille, Fakoo is also read from left to right.

Fakoo (the Fakoo Alphabet, Fakoo Script, Fakoo Writing) can also be used outdoor as a night script (new window) or a stone script (new window).


The characters of the dot-writing Fakoo are intuitively comprehensible to the blind and the sighted, if the Latin letters are known:

Fakoo alphabet as large graphic, letters, umlauts, digits, punctuation marks - for dots assignment see code table
Fakoo Alphabet
  ---------- Table Fakoo Alphabet ----------
  The dot numbering of the Fakoo characters:
    Line 1: [1] [4] [7] [10]
    Line 2: [2] [5] [8] [11]
    Line 3: [3] [6] [9] [12]
  (The dots 10, 11 and 12 are always
   empty as a black letter spacing)

  Fakoo characters - Fakoo dots - Eurobraille characters
  --------------------------------------------------
  Character A    = d 23 45 89       = in Eurobraille t;
  Character B    = d 13 456 789     = in Eurobraille yl
  Character C    = d 2 46 79        = in Eurobraille 9k
  Character D    = d 123 46 8       = in Eurobraille &,
  Character E    = d 123 456 79     = in Eurobraille %k
  Character F    = d 123 45 7       = in Eurobraille qa
  Character G    = d 2 46 789       = in Eurobraille 9l
  Character H    = d 123 5 789      = in Eurobraille rl
  Character I    = d 3 456 9        = in Eurobraille #.
  Character J    = d 3 6 78         = in Eurobraille -b
  Character K    = d 123 5 79       = in Eurobraille rk
  Character L    = d 123 6 9        = in Eurobraille v.
  Character M    = d 123 45 789     = in Eurobraille ql
  Character N    = d 123 4 789      = in Eurobraille pl
  Character O    = d 2 46 8         = in Eurobraille 9,
  Character P    = d 123 45 8       = in Eurobraille q,
  Character Q    = d 2 46 89        = in Eurobraille 9;
  Character R    = d 123 45 79      = in Eurobraille qk
  Character S    = d 3 456 7        = in Eurobraille #a
  Character T    = d 1 456 7        = in Eurobraille 4a
  Character U    = d 123 6 789      = in Eurobraille vl
  Character V    = d 12 6 78        = in Eurobraille 2b
  Character W    = d 123 56 789     = in Eurobraille {l
  Character X    = d 13 5 79        = in Eurobraille ok
  Character Y    = d 1 56 7         = in Eurobraille 5a
  Character Z    = d 13 456 79      = in Eurobraille yk

  Character 0    = d 123 46 789     = in Eurobraille &l
  Character 1    = d 5 789          = in Eurobraille !l
  Character 2    = d 13 45 9        = in Eurobraille n.
  Character 3    = d 13 456 8       = in Eurobraille y,
  Character 4    = d 12 56 8        = in Eurobraille 8,
  Character 5    = d 12 456 7       = in Eurobraille 7a
  Character 6    = d 123 56 89      = in Eurobraille {;
  Character 7    = d 1 46 78        = in Eurobraille 3b
  Character 8    = d 12 456 89      = in Eurobraille 7;
  Character 9    = d 12 45 789      = in Eurobraille gl

  Character .    = d 6              = in Eurobraille '(sp)
  Character ,    = d 3 5            = in Eurobraille *(sp)
  Character :    = d 46             = in Eurobraille $(sp)
  Character ;    = d 3 45           = in Eurobraille `(sp)
  Character !    = d 1 46 7         = in Eurobraille 3a
  Character ?    = d 1 456 78       = in Eurobraille 4b
  Character +    = d 2 456 8        = in Eurobraille w,
  Character -    = d 2 5 8          = in Eurobraille :,
  Character =    = d 13 46 79       = in Eurobraille xk
  Character *    = d 3 45 9         = in Eurobraille ä.
  Character #    = d 13 79          = in Eurobraille kk
  Character /    = d 3 5 7          = in Eurobraille *a
  Character (    = d 56 7           = in Eurobraille <a
  Character )    = d 1 56           = in Eurobraille 5(sp)
  Character <    = d 5 79           = in Eurobraille !k
  Character >    = d 13 5           = in Eurobraille o(sp)
  Character @    = d 13 4 89        = in Eurobraille m;
  Character &    = d 23 456 79      = in Eurobraille }k
  Character €    = d 2 456 79       = in Eurobraille wk
  
  The space (sp) corresponds to the Braille empty form (width 2 dots)
  ----------------------------------------
  
-> das Fakoo Alphabet as text version (new window)
-> Listing of all 150 Fakoo characters in the Fakoo character set table (new window)
to the top
various graphic print versions of the Fakoo Alphabet (new window)   [text version of the Fakoo Alphabet (new window) ]

Fakoo Alphabet for embossing print (new window) as a black and white graphic
(Print on swell paper or similar)


[ Fakoo character set table (new window) for Braille implementation ]

[ the Font "Fakoo" (new window) as TTF Font for download ]

Numbering of the Fakoo dots:
1 4 7 10
2 5 8 11
3 6 9 12
Column 4 forms the optical letter spacing.

By the way:
the pronunciation of Fakoo is fa-koh, short A, long O, emphasis on O! [phonetic notation fa-koh: fɑ ˈkoː]


Alternative dot-writing FAKOO, 9-dot Alphabet with big blue dots

Fakoo allows labels that anyone can read (such as signposts, rooms, plans, keys, etc.). Likewise, the Fakoo script is suitable for sending messages blind to sighted, which Braille can not read, information sighted for the blind and visually impaired or as an alternative for the blind, who have not learned Braille or Braille is too complicated.

Kreisdiagramm mit 126.000 Blinden als Analphabeten und 29.000 Braille-Kennern

Although the length of the font is double that of Braille, it is readable to the sighted and the blind. Especially for late-blind people, this font is easier to learn because the Latin letters form the basis and no characters are double-occupied. And the Fakoo Alphabet is Braille compatible due to the same character height!




Normaltastatur mit taktiler Fakoo-Beschriftung (TT für taktile Tasten)
unterschiedliche Fakoo-Tastaturen (new window) (Entwürfe)


Fakoo-Uhr:
00 : 00 : 00
Diese animierte Fakoo-Uhr zeigt die Uhrzeit mit 8 Fakoo-Zeichen: S S : M M : s s



Neunauge FAKOOSY im Zickzack liegend, Beschriftung: Das Neunauge FAKOOSY vertritt www.fakoo.de, die Lernseite um Alphabete behinderter Menschen (Beschreibung siehe fakoosy.txt)
fakoosy.txt




Commemorative coin for the 200th birthday of Louis Braille 2009

Issued by the Republic of Palau (Pacific Islands) with the lettering LOUIS BRAILLE in the 9-dot-writing Fakoo
Front and back of the Braille coin from Palau, with lettering 'LOUIS BRAILLE' in Fakoo and large 'BJJI' in Braille (description see braille-muenze-palau.txt) drucken
braille-muenze-palau.txt
search and buy this coin --->> ebay.de (new window)
Legal Aspects -->> Fakoo Writing (new window)
Print version of the coin (new window)




Messages with only 9 lamps



The emergence of Fakoo

The idea of making the writing for the sighted, that is the black text, palpable with the help of dots, had certainly already been anticipated by many developers. Here, however, this idea was further developed until finally all letters, numbers and punctuation marks could be displayed clearly legible at a height of only three points.

Chart: the sighted use black letters, the blind Braille and the visually impaired people have a choice between both fonts. Fakoo combines the two scriptures and can be used by all three groups.

Raphigraphy --> Fakoo
The Fakoo alphabet was developed as an alternative braille for the blind, visually impaired and sighted - in continuation of the idea of Louis Braille for his Raphigraphy (Raphigraphie / Raphigrafie) and based on the barber alphabet with 12 dots - from July 2006 to April 2008.

the letter 'A' in raphigraphy --->> the letter 'a' as dot-draft --->> the letter 'a' in fakoo12 --->> the letter 'a' in fakoo9

However,  for this purpose, a grid of 3 × 4 dots was initially set and designed the black-text letters as horizontal capital letters so that they could be reproduced with a normal Braille display or printed with a Braille printer (Fakoo12).

Later, the current Fakoo alphabet (previously Fakoo9) was developed, which works with a grid of 3 × 3 dots.

Raphigrafie + Barbier + Braille » Fakoo
Fingertip with the 9 dots
These 9 dots are still detectable with the finger tip, that with appropriate feeling of fingertip no vertical movements are necessary and yet each character is clearly recognizable.
Fingertip with the 9 dots

Fakoo Alphabet of metal in two lines

Louis Braille invented 1839 the "raphigraphy", a system which represents the alphabet with large print letters composed of Braille dots. But the letters was height 10 dots and width 2 dots or more. My system "fakoo" is many smaller, the letters are height 3 dots and width 3 dots only. Nevertheless my letters can read by the blind and the sighted peoples!
(nine dot alphabet / nine dot braille)

FAKOO NEED 9 DOTS ONLY

Due to the consistent compliance of a maximum of 3 dots in height and width can be used for the alternative dot-writing Fakoo all Braille utensils and techniques! Any means of writing Braille or making Braille labels can also be used with Fakoo.
dot-writing slate small Embossing pliers for Braille Braille display with standard keyboard
In addition to personal notes and messages between the blind and the sighted, the applications are very extensive, especially in the public domain, where a lot of information for orientation or use of all must be readable. Therefore, the Fakoo alphabet (new window) should be known to every blind person or own as an embossing print (new window).


Fakoo Alphabet klein     Fakoo Alphabet klein 3d

Developer is Alexander Fakoó, who has learned to read the Braille Writing optically. The idea for the dot-writing Fakoo (Fakoo Writing) was born in July 2006 as a 12-dot font, completed the development as a 9-dot font in April 2008.


Assignment of the Fakoo characters to the 512 possible 9-dot characters:
Representation of all 512 possible 9-dot characters


To assist the sighted, the Fakoo dots can be connected by optical lines (Fakoo-plus):
Fakoo Alphabet with animated showing of Fakoo-plus connections

Fakoo-plus Alphabet (new window)   [ Fakoo-plus Alphabet as text version ]

With the nine-eyes FAKOOSY all fakoo characters can be represented:

FAKOOSY with animated eyes / Text: FAKOOSY