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The Finger Alphabet


Deaf Alphabet (Fingeralphabet) to support the sign language!

The real language of the deaf is the sign language. The respective national language, for example English, is a foreign language for many deaf people, which must first be learned to use the Finger Alphabet.

Deaf people use the Finger Alphabet (Deaf Alphabet) in addition to the sign language to spell out unknown terms or names in the spoken language before signing a gesture. Sometimes also spelled finger to emphasize a word from the spoken language. For a longer conversation the finger alphabet is not suitable (except using the dactylology for the deafblind).

The finger alphabet arose independent of the sign language, so the term " sign alphabet " is wrong. One can not spell gestures, but only the corresponding words of the spoken language (for example English). The finger alphabet is, so to speak, a bridge between the sign language and the spoken language.

Fingeralphabet as graphic
Fingeralphabet

---------- Fingeralphabet: ----------
A = closed fist away from the body, thumbs on the side
B = flat hand away from the body, finger up, thumb on the palm
C = thumb and remaining fingers form an open semicircle
D = index finger up, thumb and remaining fingers form a closed circle
E = thumb in front of the palm, the rest of the fingers touch the thumb with the fingertips
F = thumb and forefinger form a closed circle, the remaining three fingers are spread upwards
G = closed hand to the body, index finger points to the left
H = closed hand to the body, index and middle finger pointing parallel to the left
I = closed fist away from the body, thumb in front, little finger upwards
J = closed fist away from the body, thumb in front, little finger up, rotary motion of the hand around vertical axis
K = closed hand away from the body, index finger up, middle finger diagonally forward, thumb next to middle finger upwards (possibly crossing middle finger and thumb)
L = palm away from body, index finger up, thumb to the left, remaining fingers on the palm
M = palm down, index, middle and ring finger (possibly also small finger) stretched down, thumb under the fingers
N = palm down, index and middle fingers stretched out, remaining fingers on the palm of the hand, thumbs under the extended fingers
O = thumb and remaining fingers form a closed circle
P = palm down, index finger forward, middle finger down, thumb down to the left, remaining fingers on the palm
Q = palm down, index finger and thumb down, remaining fingers on the palm
R = closed hand away from body, index and middle fingers show crossed up
S = closed fist away from the body, thumbs in front of the fingers
T = closed hand away from the body, thumb stuck between index finger and middle finger
U = closed hand away from the body, index and middle finger together upwards, thumb on the palm
V = closed hand away from the body, index and middle finger spread up, thumb on the palm
W = flat hand away from the body, index, middle and ring finger (and possibly small finger) spread upwards, thumb on the palm
X = closed hand to the left, index finger up, but angled
Y = closed Hand away from the body, thumb and little finger spread apart
Z = closed hand away from the body, index finger upwards writes a 'Z' in the air (zigzag movement)

das Fingeralphabet as text version for the print (new window)
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different graphic versions of the Fingeralphabet (new window) for print

swiss (new window) american (new window) british (new window) canadian (new window) text version (new window)

Please do not confuse the finger alphabet with the hand alphabet (see Lorm), which is used for deafblind people. If the deafblind has learned the finger alphabet before his blindness, he will instead of the Lorm use the finger alphabet (dactylate).

Fallacy:
Learning the finger alphabet alone does not enable you to communicate in sign language! And you also can not use the finger alphabet to write down any gestures or a text in sign language.
Because you can not spell out gestures with a 'sign alphabet'
because they do not consist of 'letters'!


By the way, the two-handed finger alphabet (new window) is used in the UK and Canada.




Exercises / additional pages:

Downloads / Printouts:


the communication card (new window) for deaf drivers: (Communication assistance for police checks, carry in the car):
communication card


Further informations:

worldwide finger alphabets www.michaelszczepanski.de (new window)
Finger alphabets of several countries www.fingeralphabet.org (new window)
the fingeralphabet on www.wikipedia.org (new window)

- For more information see --->> page Sign Language

the Fingeralphabet in sign script











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