The tactile alphabet for deaf-blind people (deaf-blind alphabet)
The Lorm alphabet (hand alphabet or tactile
alphabet) is used in deafblind people. The letters or
sound characters are stroked or typed into the (usually left) palm.
The Dresden deaf writer Hieronymus Lorm (new window) developed his tactile alphabet
in 1881 for communicate with family members because of his increasing blindness. After
his death, the alphabet was published by his family and sat down quickly because of its ease
to learn and efficiency in the deafblind in the German-speaking countries. This form of communication
is also called Lorming and can easily reach dictation speeds among experienced staff. Today, the
alphabet is used in addition to the German-speaking countries in the Netherlands and the Czech Republic.
However, the native language of the deafblind is usually not the use of Lorm Alphabet, but depending on
the occurrence of deafness the spoken language or the sign language. If sign language is the native
language of the deafblind, it will prefer a modified form of sign language, tactile gestures,
in which the deafblind scans the gestures of the sign language with his hands. Lorming
will be more difficult for such deafblinds as it uses the letters of the spoken language.
If the deafblind knows the phonetic language, he will prefer lorming as a form of communication.
An alternative to Lorming represents the dactylate, in which the finger alphabet is scanned.
It works almost as fast as the Lorming. So if you want to communicate with the deafblind,
should in addition to the Lorm Alphabet also master the Finger Alphabet.